Five Types of Termites

Termites do not have a set “season.” They are present all year long, but are most visible (through swarms, discarded wings and droppings) between March and November. It makes you wonder if they’re fans of MLB, right? However, just because you do not see them December – February, it does not mean they are not present. As we said, termites do not have a “season.” Here’s a list of the five types of termites to better assess if you have any extra guests in your home.

Conehead Termites

Coneheads

Conehead Termites

Conehead termites are an invasive species from the Caribbean. They have cream bodies, a dark head and 6 legs. Unlike most termites, they do not rely on tunnels to travel. They build freestanding nest on the ground, on trees, or wooden structure, that can be up to 3 feet in diameter and have a hard surface of chewed wood. They use mud-like tubes for travel. They are very aggressive with a reputation for causing extreme property damage in a short period of time. If you think you have Conehead termites, contact your pest control company immediately. They are fast, so you need to be faster.

Dampwood Termites

dampwood termites

Dampwood Termites

Dampwood termites are the largest of termites. They are creamy white to light brown, with 6 legs and antennae. As their name suggest, they are found in areas with high moisture content. Dampwood termites live in colonies and travel via tunnels they create in the wood. Due to their extreme need for moisture, they are found near fence post, dead trees, logs, stumps and utility poles. Care must go into not attracting them, such as spraying for termites and not having firewood next to your home or business. Get with your pest control company to come up with the best prevention care plan.

Drywood Termites

Drywood Termites

Drywood Termites

Drywood termites are what first come to mind when someone thinks “termites.” Their coloring  can range from a creamy white to a light brown, they have 6 legs and antennae. Drywood termites infest areas with dry wood (hence, their name) such as attic framing. They typically swarm on warm, sunny days. Prevention is key with Drywood termites as they can easily chew through support beams, flooring and walls. If you’d like more information on prevention methods, view our blog post on Protecting Your Home from Unwanted Guest.  They shed their wings as they grow. Should you find any around your home or business, call your pest control company immediately.

Formosan Termites

Formosan termites

Formosan Termites

Formosan termites are incredibly aggressive and can an average of 350,000 workers in one colony. They are creamy white to light brown with six legs and antennae. Formosan termites live in areas with high moisture. They build their mud nest in the ground, making them harder to spot until damage has been done. When we say they are aggressive, we mean they can clear a 2×4 in roughly 25 days and can cause severe structural damage in 6 months. They are not limited to homes either, they can also be found in boats, railroad trusses, and trees. Prevention is absolutely key with them. If you have an inkling of Formosan termites, again call your pest control company immediately.

Subterranean Termites

subterranean termites

Subterranean Termites

Subterranean termites, like their Formosan and Dampwood brethren, thrive in areas with high moisture content. They are creamy white to dark brown/black. Subterranean termites, as their name suggest, do not like the open air, and use “mud tubes” as their preferred means of travel. They live underground, with as many as two MILLION in one colony. They continuously eat wood 24-7 and are by far the most destructive of all termites. Like Formosans, since they live underground, they are harder to detect since their base is underground, therefore making prevention absolutely necessary. Call your pest control company immediately if you suspect your home is now their breakfast, lunch and dinner.

 

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